Nr. 48

Stars Adv. (N-48)

Stjerner II

The requirements for the Advanced Stars honor are as follows:

     

  1. How can you account for the apparent daily motion of the stars?

     

  2. What are each of the following:
    1. Planet
    2. Satellite
    3. Comet
    4. Meteor
    5. Meteorite
    6. Nebula
    7. Constellation
    8. Fixed star
    9. Sunspot
    Identify personally, or from pictures, an example of each.

     

  3. Define the following terms:
    1. Celestial sphere
    2. Celestial pole
    3. Celestial equator
    4. Horizon
    5. Right ascension
    6. Declination
    7. Transit
    8. Conjunction
    9. Ecliptic

     

  4. Explain the major difference between a refractor and reflector type of telescope. Describe an equatorial telescope mounting.

     

  5. Into what colors is sunlight dispersed when passed through a prism? In what way are colors of stars used to indicate their temperature?

     

  6. What connection is there between the ecliptic and the vernal and autumnal equinoxes? What dates are usually associated with equinoxes?

     

  7. Learn the 12 constellations called the signs of the zodiac. Know the history of the signs of the zodiac.

     

  8. Name and point out in the sky the constellations that can be seen all night long on a clear night in your hemisphere.

     

  9. Name and point out in the sky five constellations that are visible between sunset and midnight in your hemisphere during:
    1. The summer months.
    2. The winter months.

     

  10. At what time of year is the constellation Orion best seen? Name and locate in the sky the three brightest stars of this constellation.

     

  11. How are the letters of the Greek alphabet used to name stars in a constellation? Give five illustrations of the use of the letters of the Greek alphabet in naming the stars of a constellation.

     

  12. Locate as they appear throughout the year the 15 first-magnitude stars.

     

  13. With the use of a diagram, show the relative positions of the earth and moon during high and low tides.

     

  14. Describe the peculiar individual characteristics of the planets in our solar system. Which ones cannot be seen without the aid of a telescope? Which two planets are seen only near the hours of sunrise or sunset?
Skill Level 3